+66 (0)89 050 3009

Rabbitfishes

(Siganidae)

Grouper & Sea Bass Jacks, Runners & Trevallies

Rabbitfish are a colourful and easily identified family of 29 species. The name rabbitfish is derived from their peaceful temperament, rounded blunt snout, and rabbit-like appearance of the jaws.

These fish have large eyes and can grow to around 50 cm, though most are observed around 25 - 35 cm. Most species have either bright colors or a complex pattern. The spines of rabbitfish are particularly sharp and some species carry a toxin.

All species feed on algae and plankton, however some others also feed on jellyfish and other animals if the opportunity arises. Some species are observed in schools, with others in smaller groups or singly among corals.

6 species found on this page.

Coral Rabbitfish

Siganus corallinus

Coral Rabbitfish (Siganus corallinus) @ Koh Haa

Siganus corallinus @ Koh Haa

The coral rabbitfish has a yellow body, covered with numerous close-set blue spots. The fins are yellow. There is a dark area around the eye and under the chin, which is a remnant of a dark chin to eye band which is present in juveniles.

The coral rabbitfish grows to 25 cm but is usually observed in the 15 cm - 20 cm range. Like other rabbitfish, this species has stout, venomous spins which cause a painful, but not fatal, defensive sting to humans. Feed on algae and often seen in pairs.

According to Reef Fish Identification (Tropical Pacific), 2003, by Allen, G., Steene, R., Humann, P., DeLoach, N., the coral rabbitfish does not have a dark area under the chin. Reef Fish Identification (Tropical Pacific) assigns the dark chin area to be a unique identifying feature of the blackeye rabbitfish (Siganus puelloides) which it describes as a pale blue fish with yellow spots.

Golden Rabbitfish

Siganus guttatus

Golden Rabbitfish (Siganus guttatus) @ Koh Haa

Siganus guttatus @ Koh Haa

The golden rabbitfish is generally a pale greyish blue bodied fish, with numerous reddish/orange golden spots on the head, body and tail fin.

The lower body is more silvery. The dorsal and anal fins have yellowish orange margins. There is a large yellow spot at the end of the dorsal fin, just before the tail base.

The golden rabbitfish grows to 35 cm and is often seen in small groups, hanging almost motionless over shallow reef areas. May form larger groups in deeper water. This species has stout, venomous spines and may cause a painful (but not fatal) defensive sting.

Java Rabbitfish

Siganus javus

Java Rabbitfish (Siganus javus) @ Koh Haa

Siganus javus @ Koh Haa

The Java, or streaked rabbitfish is common to all dive sites around Koh Lanta. The body is page greyish, with many bluish white spots on the head and upper part of the body. The central and lower parts of the body have wavy lines and streaks. The head is yellowish, as are the dorsal and anal fins. The tail fin is usually darkish.

The Java rabbitfish grows to 53 cm, but usually observed in the 25 cm to 35 cm range. The dorsal fin spines are stout and sharp, and can cause a painful defensive sting.

These fish normally feed on algae, but are also opportunistic feeders and will feed frantically on passing jellyfish. It is unusual to see this species alone, they usually form loose, small groups in shallow water, and sometimes very large groups in deeper water. Enjoys congregating under boats.

Virgate Rabbitfish

Siganus virgatus

Virgate Rabbitfish (Siganus virgatus) @ Koh Haa

Siganus virgatus @ Koh Haa

The virgate rabbitfish is common to many dive sites around Koh Lanta. The upper body colour ranges from pale blue to yellow, with the lower body usually pale bluish to whitish. There are a pair of diagonal dark bands, one on the head, and one at the front of the body. Each diagonal dark band is followed by a lighter band. Most of the body is covered with faint bluish spots.

Virgate Rabbitfish (Siganus virgatus) @ Koh Haa

Virgate Rabbitfish with Blue Variation @ Koh Haa

The virgate rabbitfish has strong, venomous spines, and grows to 30 cm, but more commonly observed around 20 cm. Juveniles will form small groups, and adults will generally form pairs. The diet includes phytoplankton, zooplankton, algae, and small invertebrates.

Vermiculate Rabbitfish

Siganus vermiculatus

Vermiculate Rabbitfish (Siganus vermiculatus) @ Koh Haa

Siganus vermiculatus @ Koh Haa

The Vermiculate Rabbitfish has a bluish white body with a maze of wavy yellowish brown bands.

There are small dark spots on the tail fin base and tail fin, which has a vertically straight margin.

The head may be yellowish. The rear dorsal and anal fins have dark diagonal stripes.

The Vermiculate Rabbitfish grows to 37 cm and usually forms groups.

Dusky Rabbitfish

Siganus fuscescens

Dusky Rabbitfish (Siganus fuscescens) @ Koh Haa

Siganus fuscescens @ Koh Haa

The Dusky Rabbitfish has a greyish to bluish grey body, often with an olive-green upper body. This species has numerous small blueish to golden spots on the body.

The Dusky Rabbitfish grows to 30 cm, but is always seen much smaller than this, more often in the 10 cm - 15 cm range.

This is a common species at the dive sites around Koh Lanta, and small schools can often be seen grazing on algae over rocks and dead corals, or over sandy areas close to the reef.

Find Out More: Marine Life References and Further Information

Diving with Rabbitfishes

Spot Rabbitfishes around Koh Lanta on one of our high season dive and snorkel trips.

Join our speedboat trips to some of the best dive sites in Thailand and enjoy small groups, great personal service and short journey times on our fast boats.

Not yet a diver? Discover a whole new world with our Discover Scuba Diving introduction experience, or get your PADI with us here on Koh Lanta.

If you're already a certified diver, take your diving knowledge and skills to the next level with the PADI Advanced Open Water Diver course.

Book online to save 10% on scuba diving trips and PADI courses.

×

Diving, Snorkeling & PADI Courses

Send us an email and we'll get back to you as soon as possible.

  • Please let us know:

    • when will you arrive on Koh Lanta?
    • your previous dive experience?
    • which diving activities you are interesed in?
  • If you're already here on Lanta, you can also call us on +66 (0)89 050 3009