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Jacks, Runners & Trevallies

(Carangidae)

Rabbitfishes Cobia

The Carangidae family comprises around 200 species of medium to large sized fish, and includes the trevallies, runners, jacks, pompanos, mackerels and scads. Body shape varies greatly, from elongated and streamlined to very deep-bodied and thin.

This family of fish have two dorsal fins, a very slender tail base, and a strong tail, either forked or crescent-shaped. They have small scales which are sometimes difficult to see. Most species are fast-swimming predatory fishes that hunt in the waters above reefs and in the open sea.

Some species almost entirely silvery, with others being dark or with coloured bars or stripes on the head, body or fins. Some species are able to change patterns and the young of many species have bars or spots which fade or disappear with age.

5 species found on this page.

Rainbow Runner

Elagatis bipinnulata

Rainbow Runner (Elagatis bipinnulata) @ Koh Haa

Elagatis bipinnulata @ Koh Haa

The Rainbow Runner is a large fish, with a long, slender, silvery, darkish-blue body. The body has two lighter blue stripes, sometimes with yellowish stripe between them, and a large, forked tail. The fins are usually dark, with an olive or yellow tint.

The Rainbow Runner may grow to 120 cm, but usually observed in the 50 cm - 70 cm range. This is a fast-swimming pelagic species, usually seen in small schools on the outer reef edge. The diet includes small fish, squid, and a wide variety of planktonic crustaceans.

Barcheek Trevally

Carangoides plagiotaenia

Barcheek Trevally (Carangoides plagiotaenia) @ Koh Haa

Carangoides plagiotaenia @ Koh Haa

The Barcheek Trevally has a silvery body and is distinguished by a narrow dark bar on the gill cover, slightly protruding lower jaw and 'barred cheek' colouration.

This species grows to 42 cm and forms small groups in shallow water along the edges of steep outer reef and lagoon slopes. The Barcheek Trevally?s diet includes small fish and bottom-dwelling crustaceans.

Gold-Spotted Trevally

Carangoides fulvoguttatus

Yellowspotted Trevally (Carangoides fulvoguttatus) @ Koh Bida

Carangoides fulvoguttatus @ Koh Bida

The Gold Spotted Trevally is often seen patrolling the reefs in small groups in search of food. The body is silvery with 5 faint dark vertical bars along the side and many small yellow or golden spots. In larger adults, there are 3 or 4 dark blotches along the middle of the side.

The Gold-Spotted Trevally grows to 130 cm, but more often observed in the 50 cm - 80 cm range. The diet includes shrimp, cephalopods and fishes. Small groups of 5 - 10 individuals are often seen hunting smaller species such as snapper and fusiliers along the reef edge, darting frantically in and out of fish schools to catch their prey. Occasionally groups of Gold-Spotted Trevally are seen forcing schools of fusiliers in deeper water to create ?bait balls? for protection.

Bluefin Trevally

Caranx melampygus

Bluefin Trevally (Caranx melampygus) @ Koh Bida

Caranx melampygus @ Koh Bida

The Bluefin Trevally has a tapered snout and a silvery bluish body with numerous blue and black spots on the upper half of the body and electric blue fins, except the pectoral fins, which are yellow.

The Bluefin Trevally is often seen in small groups hunting aggressively along the reef, attacking schools of smaller fish such as snappers and fusiliers. This species grows to 100 cm but more often observed 40 cm - 60 cm. The diet is mainly fish, but also includes cephalopods such as squid, and crustaceans.

Herring Scad

Alepes vari

Herring Scad (Alepes vari) @ Koh Haa

Alepes vari @ Koh Haa

The herring scad has a greyish-blue to bluish-green upper body, fading to a silvery lower body. This species has two dorsal fins, the first of which is rather short. The tail fin can have a yellowish tinge to it, and males have darker fin tips than females, especially the tail fin lobes.

The numerous small scales give the body an appearance of vertical stripes or ridges.

The herring scad is the largest member of the scad genus Alepes, maximum length 56 cm, but more commonly observed around 30 cm.

Dense schools of herring scad can form close to the reef, swimming near the surface, high above the substrate (bottom). This species feeds mainly on small fish and crustaceans.

Find Out More: Marine Life References and Further Information

Diving with Jacks, Runners & Trevallies

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